Tuesday, January 29, 2013

Bomb Explosions survival Tips/Guide

OK i think this post has become necessary now,Here are a few very useful tips to help you if you find your self in an unfortunate situation such as a bomb explosion.




WHAT TO DO IN CASE OF  A BOMB EXPLOSION

DURING THE ATTACK

  1. Stay calm you are the only one who can help your self, freaking out will not help.
  2. Crawl under a sturdy table or a solid object if things are falling around you and remain there for at least 60 seconds.
  3. Stay away from glass or fixtures - like windows, mirrors, cabinets and electrical equipment, Ceiling fans etc RULE OF THUMB stay away from any thing that can FALL, BREAK, TUMBLE OVER, EXPLODE.
  4. Follow the orders of the police or safety personnel.if an evacuation is ordered, leave the premises as soon as possible.
  5. Do not ask too many question,Do not create more confusion then there already is,the best question to ask is WHERE IS THE SAFEST EXIT? and then GET OUT.
  6. Do not forget handicapped persons who may require your assistance to get out.
  7. Do not move seriously wounded persons unless they are in obvious and instant danger,Such as building collapse, Fire hazard etc
  8. Do not go near gas lines, Fire hazards, or Kitchens.
  9. Once out keep as far away from the area as possible.
  10. Do not use elevators ( Lifts ).
  11. LIE FLAT, Most explosives are designed to explode in a flower bouquet pattern to disperse shrapnel horizontally between two and six feet above the ground,This pattern increases the chances of hitting the human torso ( upper body ) and head, the best position to assume is to lie flat on the ground.
  12. Keep your mouth open and breathe in small intervals,the most dangerous aspect in an explosion is not shrapnel or heat; it is the blast over pressure, the blast wave travels at supersonic velocity and severely affects the air filled organs like lungs,kidneys and bowls. We naturally prefer to take a deep breath and hold it in emergencies but this proves lethal in bombing situation since our lungs become a pressurized balloon and b ruptured by the blast wave. The majority of victims in typical suicide bombing die from internal bleeding in the lungs. Only six percent, on average, die from shrapnel wounds. your chances of injury with empty lungs are significantly smaller.
  13. Reduce your lateral profile- while laying on the ground look on one side and cover your exposed ear and eye with your arm ( arm NOT hand, Use all of your arm to cover your face ).
UNDER THE DEBRIS
Meaning if you are unfortunately buried under some rubble 
  1. Cover your mouth with a handkerchief or clothing
  2. Tap on a pipe or wall so that rescuers can hear where your are.
  3. DO NOT SHOUT. Shout only when there is no other choice, You risk inhaling large amounts of dust when yelling.
  4. Stay calm think of things that relax you and make you happy.
  5. If possible use a flashlight to signal your location to the rescuers.
  6. Avoid unnecessary movement so your don't kick up dust.
  7. if possible ,use a whistle to signal rescuers.  
AFTER THE ATTACK
  1. Duck for cover.
  2. Leave the premises as quickly as possible,Do not stop to retrieve personal belongings.
  3. One event can be followed by another so do not rush towards the blast scene.
  4. Open doors carefully watch for falling objects.
  5. Do not use matches or lights sparks might trigger gas explosions.
  6. Do not use telephone and hand radios cells phones etc, Static charges can trigger explosions and other bombs.
  7. Do not occupy sidewalks or streets so that others can exit the buildings or to be used by emergency personnel.
  8. Seek first-aid in case of life threatening injuries you or others may have received.
  9.  In case of minor injuries either wait for the first-aid responders to take care of the severely injured first, or try to go to a hospital that is not near the blast scene,nearby hospitals become crowded soon after the blast.
THINGS TO REMEMBER
  1. Due to blast over pressure, most of the victims become deaf ( it takes only five pounds per square inch pressure to rupture the ear drum ).Therefore oral communication with the victims is impossible,Use signs to communicate and give directions.
  2. Nearby intersections, Roads and hospitals becomes crowded ,if you are not one of the victims,avoid using these roads,Hospitals and other facilities for some time after the explosion so that resources can be better utilized for blast victims.
  3. Close space explosions such as in buses,buildings or mosques are more lethal then explosions in open space, due to less ventilation of the the blast over pressure and more refection waves.
  4. Almost half of the initial causalities to seek medical care will come in the first 2 hours.
  5. People with minor injuries will come first to seek medical care before severely injured. If you are one of the doctors or volunteers providing care start ignoring minor injured persons and give priority to severely injured.
  6. Stay vigilant for other dangers,Once your get involved in disaster events, it is usual to overlook nearby dangers ( No point in running out of the building and crashing into a CAR :P ).
  7. BE PATIENT ,there are certain things you cannot change for example the chain of command, delay in medical procedures, waiting, equipment failures, unavailability of resources etc.( Complaining AT THE SPOT is not going to do anything )

Hope it helps :) STAY SAFE GUYS.