Assalaamu alaikum [peace be to you],
today, I'd like to talk a little about nature.
The protection of environment from pollution and the preservation of natural resources are one of the major issues that attract a great deal of attention today. This attention is even more justified now that this aggressive onslaught on nature and its pollution have reached dangerous levels that threaten the existence of 80% of the animal and plant life in temperate regions, in addition to the dangerous risks that beset man’s health as a result of the pollution of water, air and soil and which cause serious diseases, cancer included. However, these international conventions and local legislative texts have so far failed to curb the ongoing aggression against nature, thus creating the need to search for other ways and means, relating to man’s conscience and faith, to solve the problems of environment. This may surprise some of you, but the solution to all environment problems is in our hand. and it was always there. it's Islam.
There is no sacred scripture that speaks about nature and earth as much as the Qur’an. It contains numerous guidelines about our treatment of the earth and the rest of God’s creation so much so that the Qur’anic revelation intimately connects itself with the notion of sacredness of nature. A whole eco-theology unfolds as a result that distinguishes Islamic spirituality with characteristics of its own. A closer look at the Qur’an and Prophetic hadith reveals a set of principles that point to a rich reservoir of environmental ethics with far-reaching socio-economic and political ramifications.
Islam provides a comprehensive approach to the issue of solving environment problems. This approach is based on the peaceful co-existence of man and his environment, and on urging people to preserve natural resources through their rational management, far from any form of waste and squandering. The approach of Islam to solve the environmental issues is based on effective mechanisms that aim at protecting the environment from pollution and preserving wild life and natural resources.
in this series of articles, let's explore how Islam sees the man-environment relationship. and how it can help solve all problems regarding this issue:
Belief in the one God is a foundational principle of the Islamic faith which is repeatedly emphasized in the Qur’an. The Oneness of God is in many ways manifested in the unity of His creation. From this perspective, the human being is part and parcel of a cosmic equilibrium that must not be disturbed.
Allah said in the holy Qur'an:
وَلِلَّهِ مَا فِي السَّمَاوَاتِ وَمَا فِي الْأَرْضِ ۚ وَكَانَ اللَّهُ بِكُلِّ شَيْءٍ مُّحِيطًا
to Allah belong all things in the heavens and on earth, And Allah is Ever Encompassing all things.
translation of verse 4:126
So All belongs to the God. and the God made man as a khalifah on Earth.
The Arabic word خليفة "Khalifah" comes from the verbal root خلف khalafa, meaning one who came after, inherited or succeeded, another. Khalifah thus implies holding a position of power, trust and responsibility that is exercised in harmony with the will of its principal party. Khalifah and its plural khala’if occur in nine places in the Qur’an, and in seven of these it is juxtaposed by the phrase fi’l-ard – in the earth, which signifies that its application is in relationship mainly to planet earth. In each case a reference is made to the exercise of a certain authority that God entrusts in His noblest of creation, the humankind.
Adam -peace be upon him-, the first man was appointed the first khalifah, and by extension, every man and woman. Each one of us inherit power and responsibility vis-à-vis the planet earth and all its life forms.
Vicegerency (or being a Khalifah on Earth) confers on human beings, individually and collectively, the mission and responsibility to build the earth and harness its resources with moderation and care for its ecological balance. Vicegerency is guided in turn by the principles of:
- trusteeship (أمانة amanah),
- moderation (إعتدال i’tidal, وسطية wasatiyyah)
- and justice (عدل ‘adl).
Building and development (إعمار i’mar) is another aspect of vicegerency that is informed, in turn, by the higher goals and purposes of Islam and its Shari'ah. Other aspects of i’mar that are highlighted in the sources include due observance of the Divinely-ordained cosmic equilibrium, greening the earth through plantation and agriculture, and cleanliness.
In the drawing:
*deen دين is an Arabic word that means way of life, religion.
I hope that's beneficial for you.